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Solutions to Basement Flooding
By the RestorationSOS Educational Staff
Basements are particularly vulnerable to flooding because of their low locations. Fortunately, there are steps to lessen the potential damage. It is important to note that protecting the basement can involve some level of creativity because no two floods are alike.
Assess the Basement
The first stage to any problem-solving activity is analyzing the factors that are involved. The property owner should know the characteristics of their basement. For example, they should observe when exactly the flooding tends to happen. If the flooding happens roughly around the same time, it could be a seasonal or geological problem. Where the water accumulates also helps in finding solutions to basement problems. If the water tends to come from a single location near the top of the wall, then it could be caused by a sloping landscape.
Revise the Exteriors
If the water damage in the basement is localized, the flooding can be caused by a problem with the way the property is built. Inspect the exterior of the home to see if there are factors that contribute to the problem. For example, downspouts may be redirected if they tend to lead the water into the basement. The landscape could also have slopes that allow the water to flow towards the home.
On the other hand, if entire sections of the basement are wet, it could be indicative of a faulty waterproofing system. Invest in the application of a waterproofing membrane on the property by a professional. Take note that the walls have to be finished before such a material is applied in the interiors of the basement.
Improve Drainage Systems
A common option for properties with basements that tend to flood is the installation of drainage systems. A French drain can be placed around the home or in places prone to flooding. The water has to be properly diverted away from the home and empty into the city storm drainage system. In addition to this, conduct a backfill in the property whenever it is possible to do so. This is to provide enough drainage for the entire location where the house is situated. A sump pump may also be installed as a backup.
Whenever severe weather is pending, test the home in order to make sure that the rooms, especially the basement, can withstand it. Taking a proactive stance is the best solution to flooding. Make sure that the sump pit is clear from debris that can clog up the proper draining of the water. The sump pit should also have water in it until the pump turns on. If there are problems with the functioning of the pump, contact a professional for immediate repairs.
Severe flooding can bring about the loss of electricity. This is the reason why the best sump pumps are those that have backup battery options. Just make sure that the batteries are always refreshed and that backup batteries are available. Batteries have a shelf life of about two to three years in order to work properly.